Pengendalian Hama Dan Penyakit Terpadu Pada Pisang Kepok

By Dani 28 Jan 2014, 13:43:19 WIBArtikel

Pengendalian Hama Dan Penyakit Terpadu Pada Pisang Kepok

  1. Pengendalian Layu Fusarium ( Panama disease )
  1. Penyebab  : Fusarium oxysporum f.sp cubense ( E.F. Smith )
  1. Gejala   :
  • Cendawan F. oxysporum menyerang tanaman melalui akar;
  • Daun tua menguning mulai dari pinggiran daun, tangkai daun patah, layu dan tanaman mati;
  • Kadang – kadang lapisan luar dari batang palsu terbelah mulai dari permukaan tanah;
  • Tanaman yang terserang tidask mampu berbuah atau tidak terisi;
  • Jika pangkal batang dibelah membujur terlihat garis coklat atau hitam dari pangkal batang ke atas, melalui jaringan pembuluh pangkal dan tangkai daun;
  1. Pengendalian :
  1. Cara Kultur Teknis
  • Gunakan benih sehat :
  • Pastikan benih bukan berasal dari daerah/kawasan/lokasi serangan atau rumpun terserang. Gunakan benih dari kultur jaringan atau benih baru.
  • Bibit progres dengan alat – alat steril ( didesinfektan ) dengan bahan desinfektan, misalnya formalin 4-8%, alkohol 70%, atau dengan kloroks 1%        ( Bayclin ).
  • Lakukan pemupukan organik ( kompos, pupuk kandang ) dicampur dengan agens hayati Trichoderma sp. Atau Gliocladium sp. Dengan cara sebagai berikut :
  • Pada saat penimbunan lubang tanam : Campurkan pupuk kandang atau kompos sebanyak ½ karung (10kg) dan 250 g Trichoderma sp. Per lubang tanaman pada tanah bagian atas lalu masukan ke dalam lubang. Selanjutnya diikuti oleh ta
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